What is psychotherapy & topics covered

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is an interactive process between a patient and a therapist designed to help the patient reach his or her goals. Studies have shown that 2/3 of patients show improvement from therapy, such as a reduction in unpleasant feelings or thoughts, as well as improvement in their relationships. Sometimes, the process of therapy can be quite frustrating as it may focus on uncomfortable thoughts and lead to feelings such as anger, sadness, and shame or guilt. Although there are no guarantees about how one might experience therapy or about the end result, it is important to keep in mind that the benefits usually outweigh the risks, and that the therapist is there to help build a better future.

Topics Covered

The range of issues that are dealt with in psychotherapy is large. Common ones are:

Personal issues

  • Mood (melancholia, depression, too much energy or irritability, depression related to giving birth)
  • Anxiety, panic attacks, isolation
  • Inability to socialize and feeling detached from one’s environment
  • Difficulty with trust issues
  • Problems related to school, career choice or inability to find employment, and work-related issues
  • Difficulty handling and adjusting to medical problems
  • Grief / loss and other traumatic experiences
  • Personality difficulties (distrust, jealousy, anger and rage, self-destructive and dangerous or reckless behaviors – self-injury and impulsivity)
  • Disruption of sleep (insomnia, hypersomnia) and eating patterns (obesity, bulimia, anorexia)
  • Problems related to sexual orientation or gender identity

Interpersonal issues

  • Family relationships (divorce and custody of children, extramarital affairs, psychological and physical abuse)
  • Interpersonal relationships and relationships in the workplace (low self-esteem, avoidance of responsibility, difficulty of expression and passive behavior, psychological stress)
  • Addiction problems (alcohol, drugs, medications, compulsive behaviors- gambling, sex) and their impact on the family system

Men’s issues

  • Relational and practical problems generated by traditional male socialization and the stereotypical view of the male role
  • Difficulty handling and expressing feelings (anger, anxiety, tenderness, fear)
  • Anxiety and guilt related to sexual expression and performance

Teenagers’ issues

  • Anxiety related to exams and failing grades
  • Reckless behaviors and others related to peer pressure
  • Sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Problems resulting from a sense of self-entitlement and a lack of responsibility
  • Support in times of significant stress (parental divorce, illness, separation, death)

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